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中央精神

2021年09月30日
習近平在中共中央政治局第三十三次集體學習時強調 加強國家生物安全風險防控和治理體系建設 提高國家生物安全治理能力

■生(sheng)(sheng)物安全(quan)關(guan)乎人(ren)民(min)生(sheng)(sheng)命健(jian)康(kang),關(guan)乎國家(jia)長治久安,關(guan)乎中華民(min)族永續(xu)發展,是國家(jia)總體安全(quan)的(de)重(zhong)(zhong)要組(zu)成部分(fen),也(ye)是影(ying)響乃(nai)至(zhi)重(zhong)(zhong)塑世界格局的(de)重(zhong)(zhong)要力量。要深刻認識新形勢下加(jia)強生(sheng)(sheng)物安全(quan)建設的(de)重(zhong)(zhong)要性(xing)和(he)(he)緊迫性(xing),貫徹(che)(che)總體國家(jia)安全(quan)觀,貫徹(che)(che)落實生(sheng)(sheng)物安全(quan)法,統籌發展和(he)(he)安全(quan),按照以人(ren)為(wei)本、風險(xian)預防(fang)、分(fen)類(lei)管理、協同配合的(de)原則,加(jia)強國家(jia)生(sheng)(sheng)物安全(quan)風險(xian)防(fang)控和(he)(he)治理體系建設,提高國家(jia)生(sheng)(sheng)物安全(quan)治理能力,切(qie)實筑牢國家(jia)生(sheng)(sheng)物安全(quan)屏障

■要(yao)(yao)完善國(guo)家生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物安(an)全(quan)(quan)(quan)治(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)理(li)(li)體系,加強(qiang)(qiang)戰(zhan)略性、前(qian)瞻性研究(jiu)謀(mou)劃(hua),完善國(guo)家生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物安(an)全(quan)(quan)(quan)戰(zhan)略。要(yao)(yao)強(qiang)(qiang)化系統治(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)理(li)(li)和(he)全(quan)(quan)(quan)鏈條(tiao)防控,堅持系統思維,科(ke)(ke)學施策,統籌謀(mou)劃(hua),抓好(hao)全(quan)(quan)(quan)鏈條(tiao)治(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)理(li)(li)。要(yao)(yao)盯牢抓緊生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物安(an)全(quan)(quan)(quan)重點風險領(ling)域(yu),強(qiang)(qiang)化底線思維和(he)風險意識(shi)。要(yao)(yao)加快推進(jin)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物科(ke)(ke)技(ji)創新(xin)和(he)產業化應用,推進(jin)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物安(an)全(quan)(quan)(quan)領(ling)域(yu)科(ke)(ke)技(ji)自立自強(qiang)(qiang),打造(zao)國(guo)家生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物安(an)全(quan)(quan)(quan)戰(zhan)略科(ke)(ke)技(ji)力(li)量,健全(quan)(quan)(quan)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物安(an)全(quan)(quan)(quan)科(ke)(ke)研攻關機(ji)制(zhi),嚴(yan)(yan)格(ge)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物技(ji)術研發應用監管,加強(qiang)(qiang)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物實驗(yan)室管理(li)(li),嚴(yan)(yan)格(ge)科(ke)(ke)研項目倫理(li)(li)審(shen)查和(he)科(ke)(ke)學家道(dao)德(de)教育。要(yao)(yao)積(ji)極參與全(quan)(quan)(quan)球生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物安(an)全(quan)(quan)(quan)治(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)理(li)(li),同(tong)國(guo)際社會攜手應對日(ri)益(yi)嚴(yan)(yan)峻的生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物安(an)全(quan)(quan)(quan)挑戰(zhan),加強(qiang)(qiang)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物安(an)全(quan)(quan)(quan)政策制(zhi)定、風險評(ping)估、應急響(xiang)應、信息共享、能力(li)建設等方面(mian)的雙多邊合作交流

新(xin)華(hua)(hua)社北京9月29日(ri)(ri)電 中(zhong)共(gong)(gong)中(zhong)央政治(zhi)(zhi)局(ju)9月29日(ri)(ri)下(xia)午就加(jia)強我(wo)國(guo)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)安(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)建(jian)設(she)進行第三十(shi)三次集體(ti)(ti)學習。中(zhong)共(gong)(gong)中(zhong)央總書記習近平在主持學習時強調(diao),生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)安(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)關(guan)乎人民生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)命健康,關(guan)乎國(guo)家(jia)(jia)長(chang)治(zhi)(zhi)久安(an)(an),關(guan)乎中(zhong)華(hua)(hua)民族永續發展,是國(guo)家(jia)(jia)總體(ti)(ti)安(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)的(de)(de)重(zhong)(zhong)要(yao)組成(cheng)部分,也是影響(xiang)乃至重(zhong)(zhong)塑世界格局(ju)的(de)(de)重(zhong)(zhong)要(yao)力(li)量(liang)。要(yao)深刻認(ren)識新(xin)形(xing)勢下(xia)加(jia)強生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)安(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)建(jian)設(she)的(de)(de)重(zhong)(zhong)要(yao)性和緊(jin)迫性,貫徹(che)總體(ti)(ti)國(guo)家(jia)(jia)安(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)觀,貫徹(che)落實(shi)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)安(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)法,統(tong)籌發展和安(an)(an)全(quan)(quan),按照以(yi)人為本、風險預防、分類管理(li)(li)、協同配合的(de)(de)原則,加(jia)強國(guo)家(jia)(jia)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)安(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)風險防控和治(zhi)(zhi)理(li)(li)體(ti)(ti)系建(jian)設(she),提高國(guo)家(jia)(jia)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)安(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)治(zhi)(zhi)理(li)(li)能力(li),切實(shi)筑(zhu)牢國(guo)家(jia)(jia)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)安(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)屏障。

中國工程(cheng)院(yuan)院(yuan)士、中國農科(ke)院(yuan)副院(yuan)長吳孔明同志就(jiu)這個問題進行(xing)講解(jie),提(ti)出了(le)工作(zuo)建議(yi)。中央政治局的(de)(de)同志認(ren)真(zhen)聽取了(le)他的(de)(de)講解(jie),并進行(xing)了(le)討論。

習(xi)近平在主持學(xue)習(xi)時發表了重要講(jiang)話。他指(zhi)出(chu)(chu),黨的(de)十八(ba)大以來(lai),黨中(zhong)央把加強生(sheng)(sheng)物安(an)全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)建(jian)設擺上更(geng)加突(tu)出(chu)(chu)的(de)位置,納入國家(jia)安(an)全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)戰略,頒布施行生(sheng)(sheng)物安(an)全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)法,出(chu)(chu)臺國家(jia)生(sheng)(sheng)物安(an)全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)政策(ce)和國家(jia)生(sheng)(sheng)物安(an)全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)戰略,健全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)國家(jia)生(sheng)(sheng)物安(an)全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)工作(zuo)組織(zhi)領(ling)導體(ti)制機制,積極應對生(sheng)(sheng)物安(an)全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)重大風險(xian),加強生(sheng)(sheng)物資(zi)源(yuan)保護利用,舉全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)黨全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)國全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)社會之(zhi)力(li)打好新冠肺(fei)炎疫情防控人(ren)民戰爭,我國生(sheng)(sheng)物安(an)全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)防范(fan)意識和防護能(neng)力(li)不(bu)斷增(zeng)強,維護生(sheng)(sheng)物安(an)全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)基(ji)礎不(bu)斷鞏固,生(sheng)(sheng)物安(an)全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)建(jian)設取得歷(li)史性成就。

習近平強調,現在,傳統生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)安(an)全(quan)問題和新型(xing)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)安(an)全(quan)風(feng)險(xian)(xian)相互疊加,境外(wai)生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)威脅和內部生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)風(feng)險(xian)(xian)交織(zhi)并存,生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)安(an)全(quan)風(feng)險(xian)(xian)呈現出許多新特點(dian),我國生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)安(an)全(quan)風(feng)險(xian)(xian)防控和治理體(ti)系還存在短板(ban)弱(ruo)項。必須科學分析我國生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)安(an)全(quan)形勢(shi),把握面臨的(de)風(feng)險(xian)(xian)挑戰,明(ming)確(que)加強生(sheng)(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)安(an)全(quan)建(jian)設的(de)思(si)路和舉措。

習近平指出,要(yao)完善國家(jia)生(sheng)物(wu)安(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)治(zhi)理(li)體(ti)系(xi),加強(qiang)戰略(lve)性(xing)、前(qian)瞻性(xing)研究(jiu)謀(mou)劃,完善國家(jia)生(sheng)物(wu)安(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)戰略(lve)。要(yao)健(jian)全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)黨委(wei)領(ling)導、政府負責(ze)、社會協同(tong)、公(gong)眾參與、法(fa)(fa)治(zhi)保(bao)障的(de)生(sheng)物(wu)安(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)治(zhi)理(li)機制,強(qiang)化各(ge)級生(sheng)物(wu)安(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)工作協調機制。要(yao)從(cong)立法(fa)(fa)、執法(fa)(fa)、司法(fa)(fa)、普(pu)法(fa)(fa)、守法(fa)(fa)各(ge)環節全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)面發力,健(jian)全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)國家(jia)生(sheng)物(wu)安(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)法(fa)(fa)律(lv)法(fa)(fa)規(gui)體(ti)系(xi)和制度保(bao)障體(ti)系(xi),加強(qiang)生(sheng)物(wu)安(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)法(fa)(fa)律(lv)法(fa)(fa)規(gui)和生(sheng)物(wu)安(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)知識宣傳教育,提高全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)社會生(sheng)物(wu)安(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)風險防(fang)(fang)范意識。要(yao)夯(hang)實聯防(fang)(fang)聯控、群(qun)防(fang)(fang)群(qun)控的(de)基層(ceng)基礎,打好生(sheng)物(wu)安(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)(quan)(quan)風險防(fang)(fang)控人民戰爭。

習近平強(qiang)調,要(yao)(yao)強(qiang)化系(xi)(xi)統治理和全(quan)鏈條(tiao)(tiao)防(fang)控,堅(jian)持系(xi)(xi)統思維,科(ke)學施(shi)策,統籌(chou)謀劃,抓好全(quan)鏈條(tiao)(tiao)治理。要(yao)(yao)織牢織密生(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)安全(quan)風(feng)險監(jian)(jian)測(ce)預警網絡,健全(quan)監(jian)(jian)測(ce)預警體系(xi)(xi),重點加強(qiang)基層監(jian)(jian)測(ce)站點建(jian)設,提(ti)升末端發(fa)(fa)現(xian)能力。要(yao)(yao)快速感(gan)知識別新發(fa)(fa)突發(fa)(fa)傳染病、重大(da)動(dong)植物(wu)疫情、微生(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)耐藥性、生(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)技(ji)術環(huan)境安全(quan)等風(feng)險因素(su),做到早(zao)發(fa)(fa)現(xian)、早(zao)預警、早(zao)應對(dui)。要(yao)(yao)建(jian)立健全(quan)重大(da)生(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)安全(quan)突發(fa)(fa)事件的應急預案(an),完善快速應急響應機制。要(yao)(yao)加強(qiang)應急物(wu)資和能力儲備,既要(yao)(yao)儲備實(shi)物(wu),也要(yao)(yao)儲備產能。要(yao)(yao)實(shi)行積(ji)極(ji)防(fang)御、主(zhu)動(dong)治理,堅(jian)持人(ren)病獸防(fang)、關口前移,從源頭前端阻斷人(ren)獸共(gong)患病的傳播路徑。要(yao)(yao)立足更精準更有(you)效地防(fang),理順基層動(dong)植物(wu)疫病防(fang)控體制機制,明確機構定位,提(ti)升專(zhuan)業能力,夯(hang)實(shi)基層基礎(chu)。

習近(jin)平指出,要(yao)盯牢抓(zhua)緊生(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)(wu)安(an)全重點風險領域,強(qiang)化底線(xian)思維和(he)(he)風險意識。要(yao)強(qiang)化生(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)(wu)資(zi)(zi)源安(an)全監管,制定完善生(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)(wu)資(zi)(zi)源和(he)(he)人類遺(yi)傳資(zi)(zi)源目(mu)錄。要(yao)加強(qiang)入境檢(jian)疫,強(qiang)化潛(qian)在風險分析和(he)(he)違(wei)規(gui)違(wei)法行(xing)為處(chu)罰,堅決守牢國(guo)門關(guan)口。對已經傳入并造成嚴重危害的(de),要(yao)摸清(qing)底數(shu),“一種(zhong)一策”精準(zhun)治理,有(you)效滅除。要(yao)加強(qiang)對國(guo)內病原(yuan)微生(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)(wu)實驗(yan)室生(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)(wu)安(an)全的(de)管理,嚴格執(zhi)行(xing)有(you)關(guan)標準(zhun)規(gui)范,嚴格管理實驗(yan)樣本、實驗(yan)動(dong)物(wu)(wu)、實驗(yan)活動(dong)廢(fei)棄物(wu)(wu)。要(yao)加強(qiang)對抗(kang)微生(sheng)(sheng)物(wu)(wu)藥(yao)物(wu)(wu)使用和(he)(he)殘(can)留的(de)管理。

習近平(ping)強(qiang)(qiang)調,要加快(kuai)推(tui)進(jin)生(sheng)物(wu)(wu)科(ke)技(ji)(ji)創(chuang)新和(he)產(chan)業化應(ying)用,推(tui)進(jin)生(sheng)物(wu)(wu)安(an)(an)全(quan)領域科(ke)技(ji)(ji)自(zi)立自(zi)強(qiang)(qiang),打(da)造(zao)國家(jia)生(sheng)物(wu)(wu)安(an)(an)全(quan)戰(zhan)略科(ke)技(ji)(ji)力量,健全(quan)生(sheng)物(wu)(wu)安(an)(an)全(quan)科(ke)研(yan)攻關機(ji)制,嚴格(ge)生(sheng)物(wu)(wu)技(ji)(ji)術研(yan)發(fa)應(ying)用監(jian)管,加強(qiang)(qiang)生(sheng)物(wu)(wu)實(shi)驗室(shi)管理,嚴格(ge)科(ke)研(yan)項目(mu)倫理審查和(he)科(ke)學家(jia)道(dao)德教育。要促進(jin)生(sheng)物(wu)(wu)技(ji)(ji)術健康發(fa)展,在尊重科(ke)學、嚴格(ge)監(jian)管、依(yi)(yi)法依(yi)(yi)規、確保安(an)(an)全(quan)的(de)前提(ti)下,有序推(tui)進(jin)生(sheng)物(wu)(wu)育種、生(sheng)物(wu)(wu)制藥等領域產(chan)業化應(ying)用。要把(ba)優(you)秀傳統理念同(tong)現代生(sheng)物(wu)(wu)技(ji)(ji)術結(jie)(jie)合起來,中(zhong)西醫結(jie)(jie)合、中(zhong)西藥并(bing)用,集成推(tui)廣(guang)生(sheng)物(wu)(wu)防(fang)治(zhi)、綠色(se)防(fang)控(kong)技(ji)(ji)術和(he)模式,協同(tong)規范抗菌藥物(wu)(wu)使(shi)用,促進(jin)人與自(zi)然和(he)諧共生(sheng)。

習近平指出(chu),要積極(ji)參與(yu)全(quan)(quan)(quan)球生(sheng)物安(an)全(quan)(quan)(quan)治理,同國際社會攜手(shou)應(ying)對日益嚴峻的生(sheng)物安(an)全(quan)(quan)(quan)挑(tiao)戰(zhan),加強生(sheng)物安(an)全(quan)(quan)(quan)政策制定、風險評估(gu)、應(ying)急響應(ying)、信息共享、能力建設(she)等(deng)方面(mian)的雙多(duo)(duo)邊合作交流。要辦好《生(sheng)物多(duo)(duo)樣(yang)性公(gong)約》第十五次締約方大會,推動制定“2020年后全(quan)(quan)(quan)球生(sheng)物多(duo)(duo)樣(yang)性框架”,為(wei)世界貢獻中國智慧、提供中國方案。要倡(chang)導本著科學(xue)原則(ze)、按科學(xue)規則(ze)推動新冠病毒溯源(yuan)工作。

習近平強(qiang)調,加強(qiang)生(sheng)物(wu)安全建(jian)設是(shi)一(yi)(yi)項長(chang)期而艱(jian)巨的任務,需(xu)要(yao)持(chi)續用(yong)力(li)、扎實(shi)推進。各(ge)級黨委(wei)(黨組)和(he)政府(fu)要(yao)切(qie)實(shi)把思想認識和(he)行動(dong)統(tong)一(yi)(yi)到黨中央(yang)決策部署(shu)上來,把生(sheng)物(wu)安全工作責任落到實(shi)處,做到守(shou)土有責、守(shou)土盡責。要(yao)加大(da)投入力(li)度,完善政策措施,強(qiang)化(hua)(hua)要(yao)素保障,把生(sheng)物(wu)安全建(jian)設重(zhong)點任務抓實(shi)抓好抓出(chu)成(cheng)效,提高生(sheng)物(wu)安全風險防(fang)控(kong)(kong)和(he)治理體系現(xian)代化(hua)(hua)水(shui)平,牢牢掌(zhang)握國家(jia)生(sheng)物(wu)安全主動(dong)權。要(yao)持(chi)之(zhi)以恒抓好新冠肺(fei)炎(yan)疫(yi)情防(fang)控(kong)(kong),堅決克(ke)服麻痹思想、厭戰情緒、僥幸心理、松懈心態,從(cong)嚴從(cong)緊落實(shi)各(ge)項防(fang)控(kong)(kong)措施,守(shou)住來之(zhi)不易的防(fang)控(kong)(kong)成(cheng)果。

來源:《 人民日報 》( 2021年09月(yue)30日 01 版(ban))